Legislation History

For New Brunswickers looking forward to the legalization of non-medical marijuana starting October 17, 2018, the government’s legislation is a mixed bag.

On the restrictive side, there is no public smoking, and home growers have to cultivate their plants and store their stash in locked enclosures.

However, when models were unveiled of the 20 government shops planned to open when legalization arrives, they were sleek, bright, and upscale with modern color palettes. Additionally, about 250 products will be available, and different categories of sativa, indica and hybrids will be organized, and described in brochures, depending on the experience you want.

To prepare for legalization, the government formed a working group whose report helped explain and guide the process.

In passing the new legislation, the Assembly considered three new acts and two amendments of existing acts.

The Cannabis Control Act governs consumption and use, while the Cannabis Management Corporation Act sets up a governmental crown corporation, which will oversee and control the retail sale of recreational cannabis.

Other measures create an education and awareness fund, amend the province’s liquor corporation’s powers, and add drug-impaired driving amendments to its Motor Vehicle Act.

Included in the vehicle amendments is a “zero-tolerance” policy for novice drivers in the graduated license program and all drivers younger than 21. The new vehicle laws also apply to motorcycles, tractors, off-road vehicles, and snowmobiles on highways and managed trails. Limited exceptions may be made for medical cannabis operators if they are not found to be differently abled.

Police can also suspend licenses or impound vehicles. Other administrative sanctions and driver education may also be imposed.

Under federal guidelines, drivers face graduated penalties depending on levels of drug or alcohol concentrations, as well as previous offenses.

Federally, the legal limit for THC in the bloodstream is two nanograms per milliliter. A nanogram is one-billionth of a gram. Concentrations between two (2) and five (5) nanograms result in a fine up to $1,000. Concentrations of 5 or more nanograms will result in a $1,000 minimum fine for a first offense, imprisonment of 30 days or more for a second offense, and imprisonment of 120 days or more for a third offense. Penalties for drug-impaired driving accidents can range from 18 months to as much as life imprisonment for a fatal crash.

How to Purchase

When legalization takes effect, the only place to buy non-medical marijuana will through the government’s Cannabis NB, a crown subsidiary of the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation.

The province plans to have 20 stores opened by Oct. 17, 2018.

Online sales will be available from the Cannabis NB website, that is being created. It will only be delivered within New Brunswick and customers must be at least 19 years old to order or receive cannabis.

The stores will be stand-alone dispensaries with only cannabis and related products available. No one younger than 19 will be allowed inside and customers must show proof of age. Products and displays will not be visible from the street.

Stores will be located away from schools and areas frequented by minors.

Customers are permitted to buy a maximum of 30 grams, or 1.06 ounces of dried marijuana at one time, or equivalents in fresh cannabis and cannabis oils. Also marijuana accessories. There will be about 250 products available in the stores. Premade edibles and extract will not be available until one year after the legislation is passed. At that time, stores would carry about 800 products.

Employees will be required to take extensive three (3)-week programs on products to help customers understand potency and effects.

Where is it Safe to Consume?

Smoking is prohibited in public places and marijuana was added by the government to banned substances in its Smoke-free Places Act. It will be allowed in private residences and adjacent property. Smoking and growing are allowed in rentals unless prohibited by lease or property agreements. Landlords cannot restrict the use of non-smoked marijuana.

It is illegal to consume marijuana while operating an on-road or off-road vehicle for either drivers or passengers. The law applies regardless of whether the vehicle is in motion. In a vehicle, marijuana must be stored in a sealed container that is not accessible the driver or passengers during transport.

Possession Information and Limits


The minimum legal age to buy or possess marijuana in New Brunswick is 19. The province allows possession by adults of up to 30 grams, or 1.06 ounces, of marijuana in most public places.

The national government has set equivalencies for one (1) gram of dried marijuana to equal:

  • five (5) grams of fresh weeds
  • 15 grams, or one-half ounce (0.5 oz) of edibles
  • 70 milliliters, or 2.35 fluid ounces, of liquid
  • 0.25 grams of concentrate, and
  • one (1) plant seed

There is no limit for home possession.

Individuals younger than 19 cannot possess non-medical marijuana. Minors with less than five (5) grams will have the marijuana seized, face fines, and their parents or guardians may be notified. Minors with amounts in excess of five (5) grams face criminal prosecution under federal law.


By federal law, patients using medical marijuana are allowed to have up to 150 grams, or 5.3 ounces — 30 times the daily dose prescribed by an authorized health-care practitioner, either an authorized physician or nurse practitioner  — of dried cannabis or its equivalent.

How Old Do I Need to Be to Consume?

19+ Recreational

18+ Medical

Possession Limit for Flower

30 grams – Recreational

150 grams – Medical

Possession Limit for Concentrates

N/A – Recreational

N/A – Medical

Growing Rules

New Brunswick allows homeowners to grow up to four (4) plants on their property. Indoor plants must be in a secure, locked space. Outdoor plants must be in a locked container that is a height of 1.52 meters, or about 4 feet.

These regulations do not apply for approved and licensed home-grown medical cannabis, which is governed by national laws.

Medical Marijuana

Thousands of Canadians are federally licensed to possess and use medical cannabis. Until the new law is passed, Canadians must the qualify for the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR), which came into effect August 24, 2016.

Recipients must provide medical documentation confirming the medical diagnosis by a health-care practitioner.

Patients must be registered only once at a time and not be convicted of a cannabis-related offense and be

Qualifying Conditions

Generally, patients can qualify for medical cannabis under two categories. One is to allow for compassionate end-of-life care, for alleviating discomfort symptoms relating to illnesses and injuries,  or for side effects from cancer or HIV/AIDS medications. The second category is for patients suffering from other constant debilitating symptoms. Among the ailments Health Canada lists as possibly qualifying are:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Attention-deficit and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorders (ADD/ADHD)
  • Back and neck conditions
  • Brain injury
  • Cancer
  • Chronic nausea
  • Chronic pain
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Gastrointestinal disorders
    • Colitis
    • Crohn’s disease
    • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Hepatitis C
  • Kidney failure, including patients receiving dialysis
  • Migraines
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscle spasms
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Severe arthritis
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Sleep disorders
  • Vehicular crashes

Application Process

Information on eligibility and applying is available at the Canadian government’s medical marijuana website.


Authorized caregivers are allowed to possess fresh or dried marijuana or cannabis oil, and may transfer or administer the substances or provide a medical document. They may also transfer substances to an individual who is responsible for the patient under their professional treatment.

This page was last updated on January 02, 2019.