Marijuana may be legal in Canada, but you should review the rules before bringing it on vacation. 

On Oct. 17, 2018 Canada officially legalized the possession and use of cannabis for adults. But when it comes to travel, it is still illegal to transport cannabis and products containing cannabis – including edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals – across the Canadian border.

In conformity to the Canadian government and Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), despite the legalization of which are reminding travelers that despite the legalization of cannabis, it’s not a-free-for-all.

Here’s what you need to know:

For travelers entering Canada

Whether it’s recreational or medicinal cannabis, taking products containing cannabis in any form into Canada will remain illegal. Even if you are authorized to use cannabis for medical purposes in any form, including cannabidiol (CBD) no matter how much cannabis you have with you. Even if you are travelling to or from a municipality, state or country where cannabis has been legalized or legitimized like Spain, Uruguay, and Netherlands.

Travelers with cannabis who do enter Canada must declare it to border officials or risk arrest and prosecution. Not declaring cannabis in your possession at the Canadian border is a serious criminal offence. Additionally, receiving or sending cannabis in any form into or out of Canada by mail or courier is also illegal. Unauthorized purchases from outside Canada (online or other) will be confiscated at the border. You could be arrested and charged.

For travelers leaving Canada

The Canadian government reminds travelers that marijuana is still illegal in most countries. If you try to travel abroad with any amount of cannabis, including CBD products, you could face serious criminal penalties both at home and to other countries. You could be denied entry at your destination country if you have previously used cannabis or any substance prohibited by local laws. You could also be denied to enter other countries in the future. Even Canadians travelling to the U.S. for reasons related to the cannabis industry may be denied entry.

Health Canada is the only accepted authority that can issue permits or grant exemptions for the import or export of cannabis according to the Canada Border Services Agency. 

Travelers and Canadians also need to keep in mind that every province and territory in Canada has different laws regarding the purchase and consumption of marijuana. It is the user’s responsibility to follow the laws that are in place in that jurisdiction.

Visit the Government of Canada website for the list of cannabis use in provinces and territories.

Travelling within Canada with Cannabis

If you meet the minimum age requirement of the province or territory you are in, you may possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis or the equivalent travelling within Canada. 

On domestic flights, you can pack cannabis in either your carry-on or checked baggage. If you’re handling cannabis oils, remember that there’s a 100-millilitre limit for all liquids in carry-on bags. And don’t go against the rules for the personal possession limit. If airport security catches you with more than 30 grams or 100-millilitre, they’re required to call the police.

If you are a user of cannabis, it is your responsibility to learn the laws of the province or territory you are going to visit.